Suicidal behaviour and ideation in Guyana: A systematic literature review Americas

For many, it has erased their fluency with Hindi or other South Asian languages and given their English a singsong lilt and Creole dialect. Guyanese curries are less continue reading spicy, and a shop that serves the flat roti bread with various stews is a distinctly Caribbean conception. „Certainly the major impulse is to help the less fortunate parts of the community,“ said John H. Mollenkopf, director of the Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York.

  • Many have chosen to be discreet about their orientation and/or gender identity within their host community.
  • The intersectionality framework will then be applied to these various components illustrating how the study and its findings could have been enhanced.
  • Although some progress had been made towards women’s rights by 2019, „only 24.5% of indicators needed to monitor the SDGs from a gender perspective are available“; this creates knowledge gaps in information critical to reaching gender-based goals.
  • Articles relating to the Jonestown mass murder-suicide event were excluded, as almost all the people who died were American citizens.
  • With your parents’ permission, you turn to your future Guyanese bride – and make her a proposal in a beautiful way.

The intersectionality framework will then be applied to these various components illustrating how the study and its findings could have been enhanced. To clarify the two positions in this paper, intersectionality is rooted in Black feminism and critical race theory whereas PAR emerged as a liberationist practice aiming to redress imbalances of power. There is a distinct difference in the two approaches which will be further explored. We recognise that much intervention, monitoring, and research has been completed by public agencies, the University of Guyana, and community organisations. These are not reported on here because these activities have either not been empirically measured and/or published. The decision to exclude this grey literature introduces an inherent publication bias. This review identified a recent increase in qualitative research in Guyana, which mirrors the increase in qualitative studies in suicide research more generally.

ExxonMobil Guyana takes a multi-tiered approach to building local talent and capabilities in Guyana. Our local content approach focuses on developing a globally competitive local workforce and supply chain, and investing strategically in local communities to support the phased and sustainable development of human, social, and economic capacity in Guyana. The abandonment of children by fathers and a culture of male-centered drinking frequently leave women with the sole responsibility for their children. In urban areas, where the extended family is often nonexistent, many African women are the family breadwinners. The economic and political spheres are dominated by men, but a few women are senior officials in the government. Although there has been one female president, there is a paucity of women in the cabinet, the legislature, and the leadership of political parties.

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Suicide is a major public health issue and reducing the global suicide mortality rate is one of the targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. It is estimated that 77% of all suicide deaths occur in low-and-middle income countries , where most of the world’s population live. The „transnational family“ provides remittances on which Guyanese families have come to rely, but widens cultural differences by moving abroad and distancing themselves from a „backwards, primitive“ Guyana.

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Diversity also encompasses where people are from, where they have lived, and their differences of thought and life experiences. Public-sector jobs followed ethnic lines, favoring the Afro-Guyanese. When the Indo-Guyanese-oriented PPP won the 1992 presidential election, the party did not draw Indo-Guyanese women into public-sector jobs. Low wages, job insecurity and lack of benefits defined the female workforce in 2001. Amerindian women are particularly disadvantaged, with economic and educational opportunities based on the coast .

It will be important to absorb and to attempt to understand the cultural nuances of gender roles in your host country. During pre-service training, you will receive an introduction to gender awareness in-country, and will take time to examine your own thinking about gender roles and how they have impacted you. NurPhoto via Getty ImagesThe International Labour Organisation reports that 9 per cent of Guyanese women are employed in agriculture as compared to more than 22 per cent of men .

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A 2012 World Bank report listed flooding as the most significant risk to Guyana’s rice sector and drought as number 3. Saltwater intrusion due to rising sea level and stronger storm surges is also a major problem, which lead to a 16 per cent drop in rice production in 2016. It is important to admit that implementing an intersectional approach is still relatively new in the UK and seldom seen in health care research. Criticism has been levelled at it for being poorly defined and inadequately operationalised (Mens-verhulst and Radtke, 1991), and there has been a debate among scholars regarding the implementation of this approach. Some have suggested using it for complex research designs while others focus more toward narrative work (Mens-verhulst and Radtke, 1991). Furthermore, it has also been suggested that language itself is limited in the explanation of the concept of intersectionality . Whilst papers were assessed for quality, none were excluded on this basis, due to the paucity of literature available.

Articles relating to the Jonestown mass murder-suicide event were excluded. The suicide rate in Guyana has consistently ranked as one of the highest in the world. This systematic review synthesises and critically analyses the existing literature on suicidal behaviours and ideation in Guyana. Africans celebrate their history of resistance and achievement through Anancy tales, proverbs, songs, and stories. The first major Guyanese novelist was Edgar Mittelholzer (1909–1965), who lived and worked in England most of his life. His first novel, Corentyne Thunder, was published in 1941 and was followed by 22 additional novels. Another noted Guyanese author, Wilson Harris (1923–), also did most of his writing in England.

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